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Abortion Info - Everything about abortion...

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  • xThe contraceptive pill
     

    It is the most widespread way of contraception. If it is taken properly and regularly, the contraceptive pill is more than 99% effective. Only one missed intake can cause the failure of the method.

    All the contraceptive pills have one or two hormones, the progestin alone, or in association with oestrogens, which are close of the natural female hormone
    There are 2 types :

    • The combined or oestrogen plus progestin contraceptive pills
    • The progestin only pills

    The pill works at different levels: it blocks the ovulation, thins the internal wall of the uterus (endometrium) and changes the consistency of the cervical mucus which is secreted by the uterine cervix. The cervical mucus gets thicker and prevents the movement of the sperm.


    Contraceptive pill does not prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI).
    Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.

    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception-guide/pages/combined-contraceptive-pill.aspx
    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception-guide/pages/the-pill-progestogen-only.aspx




  • xThe condom
     

    Male condom:

    The male condom is a thin sheath made of latex or polyurethane. It is pulled out over the erect penis before penetration and collects the sperm which prevent them from entering into the vagina

    Female condom:

    The female condom is a thin plastic pouch that lines the vagina. It can be placed at any time up to 8 hours before the penetration and prevent the sperm from entering into the uterus because it acts as a barrier on the cervix.

    Female and Male condoms effectively prevent against the Sexually Transmitted Infections (STI).


    http://www.acog.org


  • xThe implant
      implant


    The contraceptive implant is a thin flexible rod that is inserted implanted under the skin of the upper and inner side of the arm under local anesthesia by a doctor.

    The contraceptive implant releases an hormone progestin for up to three years. The continuous release of progestogen prevents ovulation and thickens the mucus from the cervix (neck of the womb), making it difficult for sperm to pass through to the womb and reach an unfertilized egg.

    The implant does not prevent Sexually Transmitted Infections. Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.

    Long-acting reversible contraception – the effective and appropriate use of long-acting reversible contraception. National Collaborating Centre for Women’s and Children’s Health. Commissioned by the National Institute for Health and Clinic Excellence, October 2005. Published by RCOG Press. ISBN 1-904752-18-7

    Trussell J. Contraceptive failure in the United States. Contraception 83 (2011) 397–404.



  • xIntra uterine device (IUD / SIU)
      implant

    The intra uterine device is an effective method of contraception with a long duration of action from 3 to 5 years.

    This device is set in the uterine cavity.

    There are 2 types of intra uterine devices :

    • Copper IUD
    • IUD with a progestational hormones tank

    The copper IUD action is twofold :

    • On one side, functions and viabilities of sperms and ovocytes are modified by the copper preventing their encounters.
    • On the other side, it leads to a local inflammatory response of the endometrium making the implantation of the egg difficult.

    The hormonal IUD acts on 3 levels :

    • It changes the mucus and so prevents the sperm movement at the cervical level.
    • It thins the endometrium making the implantation of the egg difficult in the uterus
    • It can block ovulation in some women


    The Intra uterine Device (IUD/SIU) does not protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs). Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.


    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception-guide/pages/iud-coil.aspx

  • xThe vaginal ring
     

    It is a flexible ring made of porous plastic which contains an association of oestrogen and progestin hormones. It fits inside the vagina and the hormones are released for 3 weeks. At the end of the third week, the vaginal ring should be removed.

    It released an oestroprogestative hormone preventing the ovulation and changes the mucus in order to prevent the sperm movements through the cervix.

    The vaginal ring does not protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections. Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.


    http://www.acog.org


  • xThe contraceptive patch
     

    The contraceptive patch or transdermal device appears as a “stamp”. It can be applied to the buttock, the abdomen or the outside of the arm.

    Once applied, it has to be changed every week for 3 weeks. It releases oestroprogestative hormone preventing ovulation and changing the mucus in order to block the sperm movement through the cervix.

    The contraceptive patch does not protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections. Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.


    http://www.acog.org


  • xProgestin only injectables contraceptives
     

    This contraceptive method consists in intramuscular synthetic progesten injection every 3 months. Progesten prevent ovulation, change the mucus in order to block the sperm movement through the cervix and change the endometrium.

    Progestin only injectable contraceptives does not protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections. Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.

    http://labeling.pfizer.com/ShowLabeling.aspx?id=522



  • xThe diaphragm and the cervical cap
     

    The diaphragm and cervical cap are shaped-devices that fit inside the vagina and cover of the cervix in order to prevent the movement of the sperm.

    These devices must be inserted before the intercourse and must be removed after several hours. It is often recommended to combine the utilization of spermicide.

    The diaphragm or cervical cap do not protect from Sexually Transmitted Infections. Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.


    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception-guide/pages/contraceptive-cap.aspx


  • xThe spermicides
     

    The spermicides are substances that neutralize or destroy spermatozoids.

    They are under the form of foam, cream, jelly or ovum that are inserted into the vagina. They should be used in association with condoms (male of female), diaphragm or cervical cap.

    The spermicides do not protect from sexually transmitted infections.
    Only condoms (male and female) prevent these infections.

     

    http://www.nhs.uk/conditions/contraception-guide/pages/contraceptive-cap.aspx

  • xNatural methods
     

    These methods consist of identifying the ovulation period in order to avoid the fertile intercourse during this time frame.

    > You want to know more about ovulation

    Natural methods are unreliable and unclear because the ovulation period can occur before or after it was initially expected according to the way of life, the woman or the couple…


    http://www.acog.org


  • xSterilization as contraceptive method
     

    The sterilization for contraceptive purpose must be considered as definitive and permanent. For men, it is a vasectomy and for women, it is the tubal ligation or the bilateral tubal litigation.

    These interventions are practiced in health care facilities only either private or public.


    http://www.acog.org


  • xThe emergency contraception
     

    It is used in the case of an unprotected or inadequately protected sexual intercourse (absence or failure of contraceptive method…)

    The oral emergency contraception is also called “the morning after pill” must be taken as soon as possible after an unprotected sexual intercourse.

    The oral emergency contraception is a method that should only be used occasionally. It must not replace a regular method of contraception.

    The copper IUD can be placed as an emergency contraception until 5 days after the unprotected sexual intercourse.


    http://www.acog.org